Millions of Americans each year are affected by cardiovascular disease. There are modifiable risk factors you can avoid to lower your chances of developing cardiovascular disease. When it comes to your risk of cardiovascular disease, there are a number of different factors that play an important role in the development of this disease.
The good news is that you can make a few healthy changes to your daily routine and help avoid the onset of the condition. These are some of the common risk factors of cardiovascular disease, including methods of how to avoid/prevent them.
Risk factor #1 – Obesity
One of the first symptoms of cardiovascular disease is being overweight. It leads to a number of other risk factors, including increased blood pressure and high cholesterol. You could be at risk of serious heart problems if you have a body mass index greater than 30. The good news is that you can reduce the risk of serious heart conditions by making a few changes to your diet and physical activity levels. Just losing as little as three to five percent of your current weight can help reduce your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, lowers your cholesterol levels, and helps lower your blood pressure.
Risk factor #2 – High Cholesterol
You can drastically increase your chances of developing cardiovascular disease by having a raised cholesterol level. Because of the build-up of plaque in our arteries, it becomes more difficult for blood to flow to our brain. Eating too many fatty foods is one of the primary reasons that people end up with high cholesterol. Eating fish and poultry instead of red meats and reducing the amount of fast food that we eat can help reduce the number of unhealthy fats you eat every day.
Risk factor #3 – Physical Inactivity
Being active regularly will not only help alleviate stress, but will also help you maintain a healthy weight. You can reduce the risk of heart disease upwards of 50 percent by just being active. You can also reduce your stress levels because of the release of endorphins attributed to physical activity.
Being active means that you reduce the risk of high cholesterol, obesity, and hypertension – each of which are risk factors of cardiovascular disease. When it comes to moderate-intensity exercise, you should aim for around 150 minutes of exercise weekly.
Risk factor #4 – High Blood Pressure
There is a reason that high blood pressure is often referred to as ‘the silent killer’. It is one of the most dangerous risk factors of heart-related diseases, yet it does not have any associated symptoms. This is why it is important to have regular blood tests as you get on in years. This helps to ensure that your blood pressure levels are healthy.